Bridging the Gap

How did we get here?


  1. A lesson in point of view
    • Objectivity vs subjectivity
    • Can we tell an objective story?
    • Historians can't.
  2. Where did you end last year?
    • Classic Era
      • gods who are way too much like us
    • Middle Ages/ Dark Ages/Medieval Era
      • Where is God in all this?
      • Why are the Dark Ages "dark"?
        • Developed better horse
          •  leading to better plough, leading to better nutrition.
          • leading to stronger knights.
        • Had strong military tactics, ferrying armies to Palestine, developing long bow and crossbow.
      • Anselm of Canterbury: 1033-1109 "Neque enim quaero intelligere ut credam, sed credo ut intelligam. Nam et hoc credo, quia, nisi credidero, non intelligam." ("Nor do I seek to understand that I may believe, but I believe that I may understand. For this, too, I believe, that, unless I first believe, I shall not understand.")
    • Renaissance
      • A rebirth of learning?
      • A rebirth of humanism
    • Reformation
      • A rebirth of religion
    • Enlightenment (17th/18th Century)
      • Rene Descartes - 1596-1650 - I think therefore I am
      • Exploration/Discovery
        • For God, gold and glory
    • Romantic Period
      • deism
      • "God is dead" Nietzche, and nihilism
  3. Samuel de Champlain founds Quebec (1608)
    • Formal opening up of North America. First lasting settlement.
    • Founds Quebec City
  4. Treaty of Utrecht (1713)
    • Ended War of the Spanish Succesion
    • France gives up Acadia (Nova Scotia) and the Acadians
  5. Expulsion of the Acadians (1755)
    • Why throw these people out now?
  6. Destruction of Louisbourg (1758)
    • On Ile Royale (Cape Breton Island)
  7. Battle of the Plains of Abraham (1759)
    • 12 September 1759
    • James Wolfe
    • Louis-Joseph, Marquis de Montcalm
    • Turning point in Canadian history
  8. American Revolution (1776)
    • Founding of two nations
    • Revolutionary vs Evolutionary
  9. Founding of Upper Canada (1791)
  10. War of 1812 (1812-1814/5)
    • Burning of York
    • Burning of the White House
    • Battle of New Orleans
  11. Upper and Lower Canadian Rebellions of 1837
    • battle on Yonge Street
    • led by William Lyon Mackenzie
  12. Responsible Government (1840)
    • Our form of gov't. More to come on this.
  13. Why Get Together?
    • American Civil War (1861-1865)
    • Charlottetown Conference (1864)
  14. Confederation
    • July 1, 1867
  15. What kind of government?
    • A Dominion? What's that?
    • A MARI USQUE AD MARE was the new motto. From sea to sea.
    • Psalm 72
      • "8He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth."
    • Zechariah 9
      • 9Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
        And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river even to the ends of the earth.
    • Matthew 21
      • 5Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.
  16. A mari usque ad mare, Cogito Ergo Sum, fides quaerens intellectum,